Inventiva Announces Results from Phase IIb Clinical Trial with Lanifibranor in Systemic Sclerosis
18 February 2019
Daix (France), February 18, 2019 – Inventiva (Euronext: IVA), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing oral small molecule therapies for the treatment of diseases in the areas of fibrosis, lysosomal storage disorders and oncology, today announced the results from the FASST (For A Systemic Sclerosis Treatment) clinical trial evaluating lanifibranor for the treatment of patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (“dcSSc”), a rare, progressive autoimmune, rheumatic disease with frequent serious adverse events and high unmet medical need.
The FASST clinical trial, a one-year, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase IIb study, included 145 patients suffering from the early phase of dcSSc, who received lanifibranor in either two doses of 400mg per day or two doses of 600mg per day over 48 weeks in addition to their existing standard of care, which in most cases included immunosuppressive therapy.
The FASST clinical trial did not meet its primary endpoint of a mean absolute change from baseline to week 48, relative to placebo, in the modified Rodnan Skin Score (“mRSS”), which assesses skin thickness across 17 defined points on the body on a scale of zero, indicating normal skin, to three, indicating severe thickness. There was a decrease in the average mRSS observed in active and placebo arms with only four patients reporting to have increases in mRSS scores over the course of the trial.
|800mg lanifibranor||1200mg lanifibranor||Placebo|
|Number of patients||49||48||48|
|Mean baseline mRSS (SD)||18.2 (3.8)||17.8 (3.9)||17.1 (-3.7)|
|Mean absolute change of mRSS from baseline to week 48 (SD3)||-3.7 (4.2)||-4.3 (5.0)||-4.9 (4.6)|
While the trial did not meet any of the secondary endpoints, lanifibranor showed a favorable trend in patients’ global assessment of disease activity with a mean absolute change in visual analog scale (p=0.08) from baseline versus placebo indicating a perceived benefit by patients.
Within this fragile and poly-medicated population, lanifibranor was observed to be associated with a favorable safety profile, with no adverse interactions with immunosuppressive background therapies observed. The proportion of patients with at least one adverse event was similar across the three patient groups.
As reported in established literature, patients in the early phase of SSc population have an increased susceptibility to edema. In the FASST clinical trial, fluid retention was observed related to lanifibranor but was only judged severe in one patient in each dose group, and a single serious adverse event of peripheral edema was observed at the highest lanifibranor dose. Furthermore, no cardiac or renal safety concerns were observed in the trial.
Yannick Allanore, co-principal investigator of the FASST clinical trial and professor of rheumatology at the Hôpital Cochin in Paris, commented: “The FASST clinical trial was well-conducted and represents the first study in dcSSc with a stratified background on immunosuppressive therapy. It appears that the presence of background therapy produced a strong placebo effect and limited the number of patients progressing in dcSSc.”
Professor Christopher Denton, co-principal investigator of the FASST clinical trial and professor at the University College of London, added: “We regret the study results but we are satisfied both by lanifibranor patients’ well-being, expressed in their global assessment, and lanifibranor’s favorable safety profile observed in the trial, including in combination with immunosuppressive drugs.”
Based on the FASST clinical trial results, Inventiva plans to discontinue lanifibranor’s clinical development for the treatment of dcSSc in order to fully focus on the development of lanifibranor for the treatment of NASH, of odiparcil for the treatment of mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS), and of YAP-TEAD in the field of oncology.
Frédéric Cren, Chairman and CEO of Inventiva, said: “We are disappointed by the results of the FASST clinical trial in dcSSc, a challenging disease as evidenced by the recent failure of three other late-stage trials. While we have decided to discontinue the lanifibranor program in SSc, we are very grateful for the dedication and commitment of patients, caregivers, investigators and our team to this program. We remain confident in lanifibranor’s unique mechanism of action and will therefore continue to move forward, as planned, with its clinical development in the treatment of NASH. Beyond lanifibranor, we have a promising and diversified development pipeline, backed by a strong discovery engine, notably with odiparcil for the treatment of mucopolysaccharidoses, and look forward to the upcoming clinical milestones.”
Inventiva’s management team will present the trial results in the context of the Company’s 2018 full-year results which will be published on Wednesday February 27, 2018 at 5:45 pm (Paris time).
On that occasion, the Company will host a conference call in English at 6:15 pm (Paris time). The conference call will be simultaneously webcast and accessible on Inventiva’s website in the “Investors” – “Financial Results & Presentations” section. A replay of the conference call and webcast will also be available following the event.
More details on the conference call and webcast will be provided in the Company’s 2018 full-year results’ press release.
About the FASST Phase IIb trial
The FASST (For A Systemic Sclerosis Treatment) clinical trial was a one-year randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase IIb clinical trial evaluating lanifibranor in the treatment of patients with diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (“dcSSc”), which affects approximately 35% of patients with systemic sclerosis (“SSc”). The primary endpoint of the trial was a mean absolute change from baseline to week 48 in the modified Rodnan Skin Score (“mRSS”), which assesses skin thickness across 17 defined points on the body on a scale of zero, indicating normal skin, to three, indicating severe thickness. The mRSS is a clinically validated and FDA‑accepted endpoint measuring the evolution of skin fibrosis, which is known to be correlated with internal organ fibrosis. In addition, secondary endpoints for the trial included changes in forced vital capacity (“FVC”), which is an FDA‑accepted endpoint measuring pulmonary function, overall progression of the disease (assessed as the absence of rescue therapy and of severe organ involvement, such as kidney failure), changes in gastrointestinal health, and safety.
Lanifibranor, Inventiva’s lead product candidate, is an orally-available small molecule that acts to induce anti-fibrotic, anti-inflammatory and beneficial metabolic changes in the body by activating all three peroxisome proliferator‑activated receptor (“PPAR”) isoforms, which are well‑characterized nuclear receptor proteins that regulate gene expression. Lanifibranor is a PPAR agonist that is designed to target all three PPAR isoforms in a moderately potent manner, with a well‑balanced activation of PPARα and PPARδ, and a partial activation of PPARγ. While there are other PPAR agonists that target only one or two PPAR isoforms for activation, lanifibranor is the only pan‑PPAR agonist in clinical development. Inventiva believes that lanifibranor’s moderate and balanced pan‑PPAR binding profile contributes to the favorable safety and tolerability profile that has been observed in clinical trials and pre‑clinical studies to date.
Inventiva is currently evaluating lanifibranor in a Phase IIb clinical trial for the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (“NASH”), a common and progressive chronic liver disease, for which there is currently no approved therapy.
About Systemic Sclerosis
SSc is a rare, progressive and debilitating chronic autoimmune rheumatic disease that is characterized by microvascular damage, dysregulation of the immune system and generalized fibrosis in multiple organs. As such, SSc affects the skin, lungs, heart, gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, with the impairments of the internal organs the most disabling and life-threatening manifestations of the disease.
It causes patients to suffer from major disability, significantly impaired quality of life and shorter life expectancy, primarily due to organ failure. SSc is potentially fatal, with the cause typically being cardio-respiratory failure. SSc patients have a greater mortality rate than patients with any other rheumatic disease. The prevalence of SSc is estimated to be 154 people per million in each of the United States and Europe and women are five times more likely than men to develop the disease.
As of today, there are no approved treatments for SSc.
Lanifibranor, its lead product, is an anti-fibrotic treatment acting on the three alpha, gamma and delta PPARs (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors), which play key roles in controlling the fibrotic process. Its anti-fibrotic action targets two initial indications with substantial unmet medical need: NASH, a severe and increasingly prevalent liver disease already affecting over 30 million people in the United States, and systemic sclerosis, a disease with a very high mortality rate and for which there is no approved treatment to date.
Inventiva is also developing a second clinical program with odiparcil (IVA 336) for the treatment of patients with mucopolysaccaridosis type VI (or Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome), a rare and severe gene disease affecting children. Odiparcil has also the potential to address other MPS types, characterized by the accumulation of chondroitin or dermatan sulfate (MPS I or Hurler/Sheie syndrome, MPS II or Hunter syndrome, MPS IVa or Morquio syndrome and MPS VII or Sly syndrome). Inventiva is also developing a portfolio of early research projects in the field of oncology.
Inventiva benefits from partnerships with world-leading research entities such as the Institut Curie in the field of oncology. Two strategic partnerships have also been established with world-class major pharmaceutical companies AbbVie and Boehringer Ingelheim in the fields of autoimmune diseases (specifically in psoriasis) and fibrosis respectively. These partnerships provide milestone payments to Inventiva upon the achievement of pre-clinical, clinical, regulatory and commercial milestones, in addition to royalties on the products resulting from the partnerships.
Inventiva employs over 100 employees and owns R&D facilities near Dijon, acquired from the international pharmaceutical group Abbott. The Company owns, a proprietary chemical library of over 240,000 molecules as well as integrated biology, chemistry, ADME and pharmacology platforms.
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